Regional Initiatives

Oil for Development

Oil for Development Initiative

The Oil for Development initiative aims at assisting developing countries with petroleum resources (or potential) in their efforts to manage these resources in a way that generates economic growth and promotes the welfare of the population in general, and in a way that is environmentally sustainable. Oil for Development builds on three main thematic pillars: resource management, revenue management and environmental protection. Good governance, transparency and accountability are important crosscutting dimensions[1].



[1] The Norwegian Oil for Development Initiative, factsheet. [ http://www.norad.no/en/tools-and-publications/publications/publication?key=109578

Public-Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals Trade (PPA)

Public-Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals Trade (PPA)

The Public-Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals Trade (PPA) is a joint initiative among governments, companies, and civil society tosupport supply chain solutions to conflict minerals challenges in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Great Lakes Region (GLR) of Central Africa. Leaders worldwide are calling for action to address conflict mineral concerns while delivering solutions that benefit those involved in responsible minerals trade in the Great Lakes Region. The PPA aims to demonstrate that it is possible to secure legitimate, conflict-free minerals from the Great Lakes Region. The PPA supports pilot programs, with the ultimate goal of producing scalable, self-sustaining systems, to demonstrate a fully traced and validated supply chain in a way that is credible to companies, civil society, and government. The PPA maintains a website that is designed to be a resource for companies with reporting requirements mandated by section 1502 of the July 2010 Dodd-Frank legislation and other organizations seeking current, balanced information on conflict minerals. The PPA also provides a platform for coordinated, productive dialogue among government, industry, and civil society in a non-regulatory setting.

PPA Participants share the following Goals:

$1·         To support the development of supply chain systems that enable Supply Chain Actors to source minerals that are validated, certified, and traced to mines that are conflict-free, and monitored and audited using agreed-upon standards and mechanisms, and that lead to scalable, responsible, self-sustaining minerals trade in the GLR.

$1·         To provide a mechanism for appropriate communication and collaboration in developing common positions vis-à-vis all supply chain initiatives, to help ensure that developing systems are harmonized in scope and activity and can be relied on by all Participants.

$1·         To consider additional activities which support the vision of conflict-free minerals extraction and trade in the GLR, upon agreement by Participants.[1]

Diamond Development Initiative International

Diamond Development Initiative

The Diamond Development Initiative International (DDII) is a unique effort to address their problems, bringing NGOs, governments and the private sector together in a common effort that aims to ensure that diamonds are an engine for development. We envision“development diamonds”, as diamonds that are produced responsibly, safely, with respect of human and communities’ rights, in conflict-free zones, with beneficiation to communities and payment of fair prices to miners.

The Kimberley Process has helped to consolidate the peace in several African countries, but it is a regulatory system; it is not a tool for development. In the rush to congratulation, there is a danger that some of those who suffered most in the diamond wars – the diggers, and their communities – will be forgotten.

The DDII is an important complement to the Kimberley Process and to its work with alluvial producer countries. We aim, through education, policy dialogue and projects working directly with artisanal diamond miners and their communities, to demonstrate that diamonds can be an asset for growth in countries where they have been at the forefront of conflict and have not reduced poverty; that they can be a catalyst for individual and national development.[1]

Global Gas Flaring Reduction

Global Gas Flaring Reduction

The World Bank’s Global Gas Flaring Reduction (GGFR) public-private partnership was launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. GGFR supports the efforts of oil producing countries and companies to increase the use of associated natural gas and thus reduce flaring and venting, which wastes valuable resources and damages the environment. The GGFR partnership is a catalyst for reducing wasteful and undesirable practices of gas flaring and venting through policy change, stakeholder facilitation and project implementation. GGFR partners have established a collaborative Global Standard for gas flaring reduction. This Global Standard provides a framework for governments, companies, and other key stakeholders to consult with each other, take collaborative actions, expand project boundaries, and reduce barriers to associated gas utilization. The GGFR partners include: Algeria (Sonatrach), Angola (Sonangol), Azerbaijan, Cameroon (SNH), Ecuador (PetroEcuador), Equatorial Guinea, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), France, Gabon, Indonesia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Khanty-Mansijsysk (Russia), Mexico (SENER), Nigeria, Norway, Qatar, the United States (DOE) and Uzbekistan; BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ENI, ExxonMobil, Marathon Oil, Maersk Oil & Gas, Pemex, Qatar Petroleum, Shell, Statoil, TOTAL; European Union, the World Bank Group; Associated partner: Wärtsilä.[1]



[1] The GGFR partners include: Algeria (Sonatrach), Angola (Sonangol), Azerbaijan, Cameroon (SNH), Ecuador (PetroEcuador), Equatorial Guinea, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), France, Gabon, Indonesia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Khanty-Mansijsysk (Russia), Mexico (SENER), Nigeria, Norway, Qatar, the United States (DOE) and Uzbekistan; BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ENI, ExxonMobil, Marathon Oil, Maersk Oil & Gas, Pemex, Qatar Petroleum, Shell, Statoil, TOTAL; European Union, the World Bank Group; Associated partner: Wärtsilä.

Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

The EITI is a global standard that promotes revenue transparency and accountability in the extractive sector. It has a robust yet flexible methodology for monitoring and reconciling company payments and government revenues from oil, gas and mining at the country level. Each implementing country creates its own EITI process adapted to the specific needs of the country. The EITI Standard establishes the methodology countries need to follow to become EITI Compliant.

EITI implementation has two core components:

·         Transparency: Oil, gas and mining companies disclose their payments to the government, and the government discloses its receipts. The figures are reconciled and published in annual EITI Reports alongside contextual information about the extractive sector.

·         Accountability: A multi-stakeholder group with representatives from government, companies and civil society is established to oversee the process and communicate the findings of the EITI Report.[1]

Health in the Extractive Industries

Health in the Extractive Industries

The pilots provide an opportunity for participating countries to strengthen their institutional capacity to identify and respond to health impacts likely to arise as a result of the rapid growth of oil and gas or mining economies. The pilots provide an important means of developing insights and good practice examples that will inform the development of global guidance that will be of interest to other countries[1].

International Council on Mining and Metals

International Council on Mining and Metals

The International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) was founded in 2001 to improve sustainable development performance in the mining and metals industry. Today, we bring together 21 mining and metals companies as well as 35 national and regional mining associations and global commodity associations to address core sustainable development challenges.

ICMM was created in response to a multi-stakeholder research initiative that examined the role of mining in a sustainable future. The initiative, called the Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development (MMSD) project, recognized the industry’s potential contributions to society, identified core challenges and established an agenda for implementing change which would become the foundation of ICMM’s mandate.

ICMM now serves as an agent for change and continual improvement on issues relating to mining and sustainable development. We require member companies to make a public commitment to improve their sustainability performance and report against their progress on an annual basis. In addition, to augment these efforts, we engage with a broad range of stakeholders (governments, international organizations, communities and indigenous peoples, civil society and academia) to build strategic partnerships.

ICMM believes that the collaboration of industry leaders can catalyze sustainable industry performance. We are governed by a Council of the chief executives from all of our member companies as well as two representatives from member associations. ICMM’s Council sets strategic direction, determines priorities, and decides on policy.

ICMM has five values that guide the work of the organization and how we interact with others:

·         Care for the safety, health and well-being of workers, contractors, host communities and the use of the materials we produce.

·         Respect for people, the environment and the values of host societies.

·         Integrity as the basis for engagement with employees, communities, governments and others.

·         Accountability for upholding our commitments.

·         Collaboration as an important tool for addressing the challenges we jointly face and seizing opportunities[1].

Natural Resource Charter

Natural Resource Charter

The Natural Resource Charter is a global initiative designed to help governments and societies effectively harness the opportunities created by natural resources. Some of the poorest countries in the world have large amounts of natural resources. These can provide a pathway out of poverty. In the past, however, these opportunities have often been missed and resource abundant countries have consequently remained poor. Natural resources have the potential to be transformative if they are properly harnessed for development. However, the government decision chain - from the discovery of natural assets through to their conversion into a productive economy - is long and complex. This is why the process has so often been unsiccessful. The Natural Resource Charter provides twelce Precepts to inform and improve natural resource management. It will help to ensure that the opportunites provided by new discoveries and commodity booms will never again be missed [1].

[1]  http://naturalresourcecharter.org/content/about/history

Resource Endowment Initiative

Resource Endowment Initiative

This respected, research-focused project, conducted partly in collaboration with UNCTAD and the World Bank, was started by ICMM in 2004 to deepen understanding of ways to enhance mining’s social and economic contribution. ICMM research has identified 41 economies which currently, or in recent decades, have relied significantly on mining. Many of these are developing countries with high poverty levels. However, while some still suffer from the so-called resource curse, others have been able to prove that this curse is not inevitable.

After five years of research, the Resource Endowment initiative has found that multi-stakeholder partnerships can be a powerful way to overcome development challenges and maximize mining's positive impacts, avoiding the resource curse.

Core elements

Mining: Partnerships for Development comprises three core elements:

$11.       a commitment by ICMM corporate members to seek partnerships across the six priority areas (see the Position Statement)

$12.       a call to other stakeholders to collaborate with ICMM members in this respect and to state their support for the initiative

$13.       support for the initiative from ICMM, including assisting implementation by members and collating and communicating best practice partnerships (see ICMM's mapping of current partnerships).

Conflict-Free Tin Initiative

Conflict-free Tin Initiative

The CFTI supply chain is a conflict-free design, piloting new tracking and tracing procedures to ensure the conflict-free status of the supply chain. Following the conflict-free testing phase of the pilot, the initiative will address other mine-site sustainability issues. The intended outcome of the pilot is to gain insight into tracking and tracing systems and identify opportunities for expansion, sending a market signal that companies can source conflict-free minerals from the Eastern DRC. A successful initiative will lead to more formalized mining, increased employment for artisanal miners, and a prospect for economic development and regional stability.

Royal Philips, Tata Steel, Motorola Solutions, BlackBerry, Alpha, AIM Metals & Alloys, Malaysia Smelting Corporation Berhad (MSC), Traxys, Fairphone and ITRI are committed to participate in the Conflict-Free Tin Initiative. The Initiative welcomes all companies, including mines, smelters, component manufacturers and product manufacturers (end-users) to join, and its success will be largely measured by the industry participation in the closed-pipe supply system.[1]

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