IMPLEMENTING THE FRAMEWORK FOR HARMONISING THE NATIONAL AND REGIONAL POLICIES, STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMS IN TERMS OF THE SADC MINING PROTOCOL
Article two number two of the SADC Protocol on Mining, obligatesSADC Member States to harmonise national and regional mining policies, strategies and programmes related to the development and exploitation of mineral resources.
As part of efforts to implement the Protocol on Mining, the SADC Secretariat, working with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, Southern Africa Office (UNECA-SA) developed a framework for “Harmonisation of Mining Policies, Standards, Legislative and Regulatory Framework in Southern Africa”. In March 2006 the Mining Ministers approved the Framework at their meeting in Antanarivo, Madagascar, and requested swift implementation thereof. The Framework now forms the basis for the SADC-UNECA collaborative programme to harmonise mineral policies in the sub region. The Framework consists of six broad areas for harmonization, namely mineral development; macroeconomics and business climate (this calls on governments to outline development objectives and address the issue of ownership of mine assets. It proposes a number of tax policy measure to keep within global competitive limits and encourages transparency especially through the establishment of consultative bodies); governance; environmental management; social or people-oriented issues; and regional integration. Subsequently, the SADC Secretariat partnered with UNECA-SA to develop an Implementation Plan, to translate the Framework into an operational programme of activities. The resultant Harmonisation Implementation Plan was adopted by SADC Mining Ministers at their meeting held on 12th November 2009 in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. The Harmonisation Implementation Plan has eight themes or areas of work grouped into categories of related activities. Also in 2009 the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the SADC released a report on the harmonization of national mining policies (NMPs) in the SADC region as part of the ongoing collaborative programme between these two organisations to implement the SADC Mining Protocol.